Bridges Over Yamuna in Delhi

Seen here is a view of under-construction Signature Bridge. It lies downstream of Wazirabad barrage and is the latest bridge, over river Yamuna in Delhi, to be opened for public use.

River Yamuna enters Delhi at its northern border with the state of Haryana. The location of entry is known as Palla. The river flows 48 kilometres in Delhi before leaving from the southern border at Okhla barrage. First 26 km of river’s flow in the city-state are unobstructed, free from pollution too. Wazirabad barrage is the first obstruction to flow of the river in the city, it is also a major catchment for municipal supply within the city. Further 22 km flow of Yamuna in Delhi is impeded by urban activities including extensive bridging of the flood plain, discharge of treated and untreated sewerage flows.

The 22 km stretch between Wazirabad barrage and Okhla barrage has 14 existing bridges and 2 more are under construction. This means a bridge every 1.35 km on average. These operational bridges are listed as below –

Map depicting location of bridges spanning Yamuna river in Delhi. There are 14 of existing such road, rail and metro bridges and 2 more are in planning and construction stages.Map depicting location of bridges spanning Yamunar river in Delhi. There are 14 of existing such road, rail and metro bridges.
Map depicting location of bridges spanning Yamuna river in Delhi. There are 14 of existing such road, rail and metro bridges and 2 more are in planning and construction stages.
  1. Wazirabad Barrage (Road)
  2. Signature Bridge (Road)
  3. Yudhishtir Setu at Kashmiri Gate ISBT (Road)
  4. Red Line between Kashmiri Gate and Shastri Park (Metro)
  5. Old Yamuna Bridge (Rail and Road)
  6. Rajghat – Geeta Colony Bridge (Road)
  7. Vikas Marg between ITO and Lakshmi Nagar (Road)
  8. Blue Line between Indraprastha and Yamuna Bank (Metro)
  9. Pragati Maidan – Purana Qila Bridge (Rail)
  10. Nizammudin Road Bridge (Road)
  11. Pink Line between Nizammudin and Mayur Vihar (Metro)
  12. Delhi-Noida-Delhi (DND) Flyway (Road)
  13. Okhla Barrage (Road)
  14. Magenta Line between Kalindi Kunj and Okhla Bird Sanctuary (Metro)

The upcoming bridges are –

  1. Extension of Barapullah Elevated Corridor to East Delhi
  2. New Yamuna Bridge as a replacement for Old Yamuna Bridge’s railway traffic.
Seen here is a view of under-construction Signature Bridge. It lies downstream of Wazirabad barrage and is the latest bridge, over river Yamuna in Delhi, to be opened for public use.
Seen here is a view of under-construction Signature Bridge. It lies downstream of Wazirabad barrage and is the latest bridge, over river Yamuna in Delhi, to be opened for public use.

Picture – ThommenJose | Wikipedia

Incidentally, of all the bridges over the Yamuna in Delhi only the Old Yamuna Bridge or the Iron Bridge spans the entire floodplain of the river while all other bridges are pseudo bridges and span only the perennial flow of the river and remaining is covered by a bund, which obstructs the flow of water in the river. This situation is a hazard – both from an environmental as well as safety perspective and can add to flood vulnerability.

Ignorance Of Bus Based Public Transport In Delhi

Overcrowding is a major issue in public buses.

Buses used to be the preferred means of commute in many Indian cities because of their practicality, wider reach, availability, cost-effectiveness and less intensive infrastructure. In city of Delhi the bus services started decent, well managed and efficient. The state run Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) grew to cover the entire city under its 657 designated routes. Continue reading “Ignorance Of Bus Based Public Transport In Delhi”

A Demolition And Urban Opinion

A reaction to demolition of Hall Of Nations, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.

A reaction to demolition of Hall Of Nations, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.
A reaction to demolition of Hall Of Nations, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.
Picture – Rajeev Tarakguru | Instagram

In a sorry development, a modern architectural marvel was demolished. The landmark symbolized India’s tryst with modern architecture. The cast concrete structures designed by architects Raj Rewal, Kuldip Singh and engineered by Mahendra Raj stood witness to numerous exhibitions and trade fairs. Though well known to architectural community these modern ‘monuments’ were not ‘popular’ amongst masses.

Amidst wi-fi dreams the city has started abandoning its heritage, its identity. The sense-of-belonging to cities has seen rapid decline and they have been reduced to basics of being economic engines.

The demolition of Hall of Nations on night of April 23-24′ 2017 has resulted in a debate about definition of heritage. It has also highlighted lack of public discourse and popular participation in development of urban habitats in a nation on massive urbanization drive. The destroyed structures formed part of modern ventures in world’s 2nd largest urban centre, which essentially prides of its history and diversity.

In the wake of such situations we observe lack of professional and educated participation from architects, planners and urbanist in urban governance. The management and government of urban centres is often left in the hands of a creed oblivious to issues of urban environments, management, heritage. This is true not only regarding built environments but a wide gamut of issues including urban pollution, safety. Equally essential is sensitizing general population about environments they inhabit and participate in decision making regarding their cities and not just be a mute audience to ‘their’ governments.

Hall of Nations, Pragati Maidan, Delhi – 1980-2017