Housing And Health

Unsafe slum in Kolkata, India.

It is widely acknowledged that health constitutes the core pillar of Human Development, and is a key indicator for assessing achievements in capability enhancements and well-being. Healthy people are more productive and their contribution augments economic development and fuels growing incomes. On the other hand, ill health stifles the full realization of psychological, social and economic capabilities, and has financial implications in terms of loss of income & productivity. Continue reading “Housing And Health”

Capturing The Colonial Calcutta : Reminiscences Of An Era

Howrah Bridge, Kolkata
Howrah Bridge, Kolkata
Howrah Bridge – Definining landmark for an entrance precinct to the city of joy.

Being a Calcuttan or a Kolkattan in today’s context; it is of profound interest to explore certain pockets and landmarks of the city, which in their own way speak of both architectural and cultural characteristics which take back to an era in spite of some drastic changes witnessed in modern context of the city, society, people, surroundings and many more of such aspects.

Hence triggered the idea of walking down such memory lane thus capturing the elements which evoke an usual quest to know about the reminiscent from the past that develops an intense perception regarding the influence of colonial architecture in a city which used to be known as, “The second city of the British Empire” or “The city of palaces”.

The photography mostly revolved through the Dalhousie area and partly in areas such as Esplanade,  Park Street and Red Road (presently Central Kolkata).

Victoria Memorial, Kolkata
Victoria Memorial – Aerial view
Victoria Memorial, Kolkata
Victoria Memorial

Victoria Memorial, Kolkata

Dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria (1819-1901), the structure made of white makrana marble got completed in 1921 and has an architectural influence of revivalist Indo Saracenic style which has a blend of British and Mughal elements.

Architect – William Emmerson


Central Telegraph Office Building, Kolkata
Central Telegraph Office Building

Central Telegraph Building

The oldest part of the sprawling building has been shown in the picture. The telecommunication services in India began in 1851 from this building, which was operated between Kolkata (then Calcutta) and Diamond Harbour, 21 miles away. Telephone services viewed by the British as a tool of command and control came in practice in India from 1882.

Experts and local historians say, this was supposedly designed as an Italian clock tower, but it never came to contain a clock.


St. Andrew's Church, Kolkata
St. Andrew’s Church

St. Andrew’s Church

As most of the churches in the city are Cathedrals or Anglican church, this is the only Scottish Church of Kolkata with the characteristics of comprising a clock tower and a spire.

The structure got completed in 1835 and in today’s context it stands beside the Writers building amidst many other heritage and commercial buildings of a congested central zone of the city, which has the blend of nostalgic perceptions of the past and the overcrowded footfall of the present day Kolkata.


Writers Building, Kolkata
Writers Building

Writers Building

History says the old Kranny Barracks or buildings of the Writers of the East India Company have been turned into Bengal Secretariat, which comprised of 19 plain three storey buildings in 1776 with least architectural beautifications.

Perception of the present day form is that of a Gothic structure which is ornamented with Ionic Columns to support the pediments, the typical entrance pattern is repeated thrice on the southern part of the building complex, one of which is been showcased in the picture.

Local experts and historians believe the Gothic style ornamentations were done at a much later phase since its inception. The reason cited was that of its ordinary appearance and resemblance to a warehouse, hence the ornamentation done for aesthetic upliftment in a later phase.


General Post Office, Kolkata
General Post Office

GPO (General Post Office) Building

The original location for the first Fort William, where many British prisoners were imprisoned, it is the central post office today and also houses a postal museum. The domed roof rises over to 220 feet.

Situated at the western face of BBD Bag (Lal Dighi Square), Dalhousie area, it is surrounded by mostly the heritage buildings of colonial era which has been converted into offices in present day context.


Royal Insurance Building, Kolkata
Royal Insurance Building

Royal Insurance Building

Situated on the western side of Dalhousie square and opposite to the GPO building, this insurance office was built in 1905 and truly reflects the Victorian style as it showcases the eclectic mix of historical styles and its fusion with Asian influences.

On the north east corner, this building sports a dome added with features such as bay windows, decorative trim embedded on the sides of the façade, projection of turrets clearly indicates the Victorian style adopted in the architecture of this building

Architect – Edward Thornton and William Banks Gwyther


Neoclassical Office Building, Kolkata
Office Building – Neoclassical Expression

Office Building

This depiction is that of a random office in the vicinity of the Dalhousie square area, just opposite the famous landmark Raj Bhawan (Viceroy House).

This is a not so famous landmark or a building, which caters as a present day office building.

But there is an intriguing question, if one visualizes the architectural elements or aspects of this building that comes to the mind.

Ornamental additive elements in form of pediment, raking cornice, abacus, ionic columns which enhance the appeal and aesthetic of the facade of the building depict… neoclassical or Palladian form or style of architecture?

Many such intriguing aspects were explored in a place which was once a colonial capital.

The journey will be concluded more profoundly and thus unfolding numerous quests and interesting architectural fact file  in the upcoming part of this series : “Capturing the Colonial Calcutta – Reminiscences of an Era”.

Pictures – Soham Mukherjee & Saarthak Sachdeva.

Corporate Social Responsibility in Heritage Areas

Jal Mahal revival, a project mired in controversy related to ownership and maintenance of heritage structures.

The protection of our national heritage is about protecting the cultural legacies so that it is experienced by the future generations to enable understand who we were who we are and help to assess where can we be lead to. Today with the advent of globalization and with development of the phenomenon of global corporation, there is a need that the public and private organizations focus together to achieve common goals of sustainable development. There is a necessity that, along with core business sectors, other areas like health services, sports, heritage, environment etc. need to be looked upon with greater emphasis. This coordination between public and private sector can work as an effective tool of management of overlooked areas and particularly in the field of heritage management. The corporate sector is playing a big role in the contemporary society, directly and indirectly is influencing lives of millions of people and therefore it becomes one of their important duties to extend its wing of help towards protection of the cultural past of the society.

Jal Mahal revival, a project mired in controversy related to ownership and maintenance of heritage structures.
Jal Mahal revival – A project mired in controversy related to ownership and maintenance of heritage structures.
Picture – Bhushan Sadani | Unsplash

Taking heed to this need, the Indian government has initiated mechanisms like Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) to make various overlooked sectors of the country as a ‘co-responsibility’ for sustainable development. Today in the Indian context lot of emphasis is being given to privatization and it is looked upon as a major step for governance. There is now an involvement of business group to find a path for development of the society with concepts like CSR. CSR has a triple bottom approach for environmental care, social equity and economic prosperity.

Realizing this, the Companies Act 1956 has been amended to include protection of National Heritage and Restoration. Heritage was thus given importance for the first time in the Schedule VII of the Act while it had not found a place in the first version of activities prescribed. These amendments have come into effect from 1st April 2014.

This paper looks into CSR in terms of what has been achieved with prescribed CSR framework, which sectors play important role, how can it be beneficial in the heritage areas, what is the present scenario of application of CSR, which companies are already involved under CSR in heritage, how can the existing framework of CSR be strengthened and what could be the possible way forward.

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